Need and Challenges in QA(Software) in Upcoming Era.

Quality Assurance is a process that ensures quality in the entire software development process.

Testing Quality

Why do we need Quality assurance ?

A Quality Assurance system helps a company identify weaknesses and inconsistencies in the service or production at any project stage. It is a complex activity that has its place within the software development process. Quality assurance is most effective when implemented from the very beginning.

What is the main purpose of QA and how it helps during the process?

Software QA consists of ways to control software engineering processes and methods used to ensure quality. It has been proven effective to prevent system failures and reduce costs on the whole development process. The Software Quality Assurance process encompasses different activities and helps in:

1. Growing confidence in the system

2. Preventing weaknesses and defects

3. Providing comprehensive information about the level of quality

4. Defining the process requirements

5. Testing the system’s usability and operability

6. Providing an understanding between contractor and customer

7. All in all, software quality assurance is implemented to ensure that the final product complies with set requirements and standards.

If there lots of ready and optimized frameworks available in coding still we need QA process ?

I would like to ask, Why not ? As we know that we cant say that any software is complete even testing is done with maximum possible Scenarios. Day by day technical requirement are increasing and world moving towards complete automation in every sector so because of this to fulfill the customer requirement software industry will need to design strong strategy of Quality assurance.

Challenges in software Quality assurance:

Software Quality Assurance

The first challenge is quality assurance.  The tendency is to think that the testing team are the people responsible for QA. This is where the challenge comes in. The reality is that quality assurance is the responsibility of both development and testing. Both are actually parts of the same team. Shoving all quality control off on testing can cause bad blood between two elements that should be working together. It must be remembered that development can’t always account for everything and testing cannot increase quality, but only assure a minimum level. Development and testing must meet the challenge of working together from day one of the project.

Another challenge is recognizing usability problems as bugs. It’s very easy to dismiss certain types of usability problems because they don’t immediately stop software function. These problems may be something simple like printouts that are not as good as they could be or data presented in a non-optimum fashion. Such problems appear more as inconveniences that must be lived with, when they should be red flags. The key to overcoming this challenge is to put the user first at all times while using experienced testers who aren’t shy about reporting usability problems.

The third challenge is knowing when to use automation and when to test manually. There is a strong drive to push automation, as it is faster and can be less expensive under certain circumstances. However, automation can’t cover everything and there are times when there is no substitute for a skilled tester. Generally, the best time to start automated testing is after the software has been stabilized, to some extent, by manual testing.

There are a number of myths about testing that have to be overcome. A prominent myth is that software testing is not a specialized activity and can be done by the development team. However, testing and development are two different mindsets. There is a big difference between building a software application and intentionally trying to crash that application. These two mindsets don’t go together.

Putting testing in perspective is perhaps the single biggest challenge. No amount of testing can guarantee to find all the bugs in any system. This is why testing often continues beyond release. How long testing continues and how often retesting is done depends on the complexity and purpose of the software.

Testing is a vital part of the software development pipeline and it is the best way to assure long run performance which requires high quality skilled testers who can meet its many challenges.

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